EN8 Steel Properties

EN8 steel is a widely used carbon steel known for its excellent strength, durability, and versatility. In this blog post, we will delve into the various aspects of EN8 steel, including its chemical composition, mechanical properties, equivalent materials, and hardness. Understanding these key characteristics will shed light on the applications and advantages of EN8 steel in different industries.

What is EN8 Steel?

EN8 steel is a medium carbon steel grade that falls under the European standard EN 10083. The UNS Number of EN8 steel is 080M40. It is known for its balanced combination of strength, hardness, and machinability. EN8 steel is commonly used in applications where higher tensile strength and resistance to wear and impact are required.

EN8 Steel Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of EN8 steel is crucial in determining its properties. The typical composition of EN8 steel is as follows:

  • Carbon (C): 0.35-0.45%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.10-0.35%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.60-1.00%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.05% max
  • Sulfur (S): 0.05% max
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These elements contribute to the overall strength, hardness, and machinability of EN8 steel, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

EN8 Steel Mechanical Properties

EN8 steel exhibits excellent mechanical properties, which are crucial for its performance in various industries. The typical mechanical properties of EN8 steel are as follows:

Tensile strength700-850 N/mm²
Yield Strength≥ 465 N/mm² (up to 19mm LRS)
0.2% Proof Stress≥ 450 N/mm² (up to 19mm LRS)
Elongation≥ 16% (≥ 12% if cold drawn)
Impact≥ 28 Joules
Hardness (Brinell)201-255 Brinell

These properties make EN8 steel well-suited for applications that require high strength, such as shafts, gears, bolts, and general engineering components.

EN8 Steel Equivalent Material

EN8 steel has several equivalents in different standards and systems. Here are the equivalent grades for EN8 steel:

  • BS970: EN8
  • BS970/PD970: 1970 onwards: 080M40
  • European Standards: C40, C45, Ck40, Ck45, Cm40, Cm45
  • Werkstoff No.: 1.0511, 1.1186, 1.1189
  • US SAE (AISI): 1039, AISI 1040, 1042, 1043, 1045
  • JIS S40C
  • ASTM A29 Grade 1040
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These equivalent grades provide alternative designations for EN8 steel, making it easier to identify and cross-reference in international standards and specifications.

EN8 Material Full Form

The full form of EN8 is Engineering Steel Number 8. This designation signifies that it is an engineering-grade steel with specific properties and characteristics.

EN8 Material Hardness (HRC)

The hardness of EN8 steel is typically measured using the Rockwell hardness scale. EN8 steel usually exhibits a hardness range of 20 to 30 HRC, depending on the heat treatment process employed.

EN8 Heat Treatment

EN8 steel can undergo heat treatment processes to enhance its properties. Heat treatment methods for EN8 steel include tempering, normalizing, and quenching. Tempering involves heating the steel to a specific temperature range, followed by controlled cooling, to achieve the desired balance of strength and toughness.

Normalizing involves heating the steel to a specific temperature and then cooling it in air to refine the microstructure and improve machinability. Quenching involves rapid cooling of the steel after heating, resulting in increased hardness and strength.

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EN8 Cold Working

EN8 steel has good cold working properties, allowing it to be easily cold formed or machined. Cold working processes such as bending, drawing, and rolling can be applied to EN8 steel to achieve the desired shape or dimensions.

However, it is important to consider the material’s hardness and brittleness, as excessive cold working may lead to cracking or reduced mechanical properties. Proper lubrication and suitable tooling are essential during cold working operations to minimize the risk of surface defects and ensure optimal results.

EN8 Welding

EN8 steel is weldable using conventional welding methods. Preheating is often recommended before welding to minimize the risk of cracking, especially for thicker sections. Common welding processes such as arc welding (MIG, TIG), gas welding, and resistance welding can be used for joining EN8 steel.

It is crucial to select appropriate welding electrodes or filler materials compatible with EN8 steel to ensure good weld quality and mechanical properties. Post-weld heat treatment may be necessary to relieve residual stresses and improve the overall weld integrity.

EN8 Applications

EN8 steel finds a wide range of applications in various industries. Its combination of good strength, toughness, and machinability makes it suitable for components such as gears, shafts, bolts, studs, and general engineering parts.

EN8 steel is commonly used in automotive, machinery, construction, and agricultural equipment. Its versatility and availability in different forms, such as bars, plates, and forgings, make it a popular choice for manufacturers and fabricators across different sectors.